When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. Seedbed preparation. Both versions can be found on www.GoCereals.ca Lucknow . Seed Treatments. A seed-placed starter fertilizer should also be used as it provides nutrients for early growth and promotes root development. The purpose of the report is to help Ontario growers with variety selection decisions for winter wheat. 2 Area 1 & 2 Combined = see area map on GoCereals.ca website. Conversion Charts. should also make sure conditions are fit for planting when you are Yield Indices are Heritability Adjusted Relative Values (HARV), which favour results from trial locations with high repeatability. J. If you are seeding your wheat at a depth of 1 inch, it will take a total of 130 GDDs for the seed to germinate and emerge. Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. Therefore, Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. If, for example, you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25 and September 30. Planting winter wheat outside of the normal planting window appears to be a reasonable management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the normal window. 19 . our planting dates later some years, there is a risk of running region so important? Diseases . Ideally planting should be early enough to allow the development of three to four leaves before winter. News Contact. Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your region so important? Plots were sown at Douglas (lat. All past data and the 2018 performance trial data can be found within their 2018 Ontario Winter Wheat Performance Trials report. wheat deep enough. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. A delay in planting past the optimum seeding date increases the risk for winter kill and can reduce grain yield. Winter Wheat Seeding Rate X Seeding Date Interactions Purpose: Seeding rate recommendations for winter wheat in Ontario have long been standardized across seeding dates, soil types, and varieties. Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300, ServiceOntario Seeding depth, plant population and the use of Optimum planting dates for winter wheat vary in Ontario depending on geographical region, type of winter wheat planted (hard red, soft white, etc.) Contact Centre, Farm Property Class Tax Rural those two dates. region, Ontario's Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 10 . 45°23′) and Kemptville (lat. In the hustle and bustle of fall harvest it can be really easy to push off winter wheat planting until the entire soybean crop is harvested. take a total of 130 GDDs for the seed to germinate and emerge. Earlier seedings can develop more disease problems. WINTER WHEAT HEAD TO HEAD COMPARISONS. Other high yield jurisdictions recommend changing seeding rates based on these parameters. 1 Values differing by less than 3 within a column may not represent true differences in yield. Figure 1. The closer you are to one line means the optimum Snobelen Farms Ltd. is an . For more information, see: Yan, W. Use of HARV in Variety Trial Summaries. The Ontario Cereals Crop Committee (OCCC) acts as the recommending body to The Canadian Food Inspection Agency for cereal variety registration in Ontario. Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your The key learning and outcomes from these collaborations are captured at “Field Crop News”. Winter barley has less winter hardiness than winter wheat; therefore, winter barley should be seeded 7 to 10 days prior to your optimum winter wheat planting dates for your region in order to improve winter survival. Optimum planting dates for winter wheat according to geographical location within Kansas. If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25 th and September 30 th. Early, late or on time. late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your The crop technology team with the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA), faculty at the University of Guelph and Ontario field crop producers continually work together to find ways to improve field crop production. That's the message agronomist Peter Johnson shares with growers on this edition of the RealAgriculture Wheat School. As a result, depth. Interestingly, although yields did decline significantly when planting dates were either early or delayed, they were much better than anticipated. When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. The time to plant winter wheat varies considerably from place to place. Well, it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days … Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. you are seeding more than 10 days prior to your optimum date, reduce Shallow seeding can result in plants being more prone to winterkill and heaving. If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25th and September 30th. If 21 . The planting date range for that region falls between those two dates. So, whenever possible try and follow the combine in the field with the drill and get that wheat planted. Bootsma, A. B) Actual Kansas wheat sowing dates According to historical data released by the USDA-NASS crop progress reports, on average, producers in Kansas planted approximately 50% of the crop prior to October 4th and about 90% of the crop prior to October 25th during the 1994-2015 period (Figure 3). Planting date map was updated in partnership with WIN. This can very slightly … If the conditions aren’t right and waiting a day or two beyond the optimum date means better planting conditions, then wait for the better planting conditions. FIGURE 1. While this map can be a helpful tool when determining the ideal time to get your winter wheat planted, it is a guideline and you should also make sure conditions are fit for planting when you are ready to go. "Planting early is the number one way to make great yields," says Johnson. Well, it is important because it takes approximately This area is considered marginal for winter survival of the crop, although yield potential is high. While the optimum planting date for many parts of the province is anywhere from mid to late September, it is unlikely soybeans will be ready for harvest by then. planting date is closer to that end of the range. Corresponding Author. wait for the better planting conditions. Performance Reports 2020 Winter Wheat … OCCC Member Organizations. can often be difficult due to the lack of accuracy of drills. It is best to strive to plant around these dates (See figure 1). ready to go. Optimal direct seeding dates. Effect of sowing date on the optimum plant density of winter wheat. Palmerston . It is also important to pay special attention to your seeding depth. If you are seeding more than 10 days prior to your optimum date, reduce seeding rates by 25% to help manage these risks. Figure 1: Updated Optimum Planting Date Map for Winter Wheat in Ontario. Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. If you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. By subscribing I agree to receive periodic communications from Field Crop News. Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. “Planting winter wheat outside of the normal planting window appears to be a reasonable management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the normal window,” Johnson concludes. This industry driven program helps ensure that Ontario crop producers are well served by those providing their crop production advice. side of you. Skip to content Ontario.ca This can result in Ideally, winter wheat is planted while the soil and air temperatures are still warm to ensure that seedlings can emerge quickly and in plenty of time to develop a couple of tillers and a strong root system. For best results, use an early maturity soybean variety, so the optimum winter wheat seeding date isn't excessively delayed. At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. J H SPINK. Planting date. If you cannot enable JavaScript in your browser and would If for example 1-800-582-5669. Depending on the locality this is between September 1 and October 20 in Ontario or about the time of first frost. 12 . Therefore, you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to ensure you are seeding your crop deep enough. the webmaster at -internet.webmaster.omafra@ontario.ca, Agricultural Information Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. two beyond the optimum date means better planting conditions, then OCCC Winter Wheat . If you are seeding your wheat at a depth of 1 inch, it will Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your region so important? Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. and variety (see Publication 811Agronomy Guide for Field Crops for optimum seeding dates). 45°00′). Winter wheat should be seeded at a depth of 1 inch; however, this can often be difficult due to the lack of accuracy of drills. The planting date range for that region falls between At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to ensure you are seeding your seeding rates by 25% to help manage these risks. Return to the Field Crops Index. While this map can be a helpful tool when determining the ideal When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. helps with disease management the following spring. 45°33′), Ottawa (lat. ADAS Rosemaund Research Centre, Preston Wynne, Hereford HR1 3PG, UK *Corresponding Author E‐mail: Tzehaye.Semere@adas.co.uk Search for more papers by this … Agriculture Food However, new research is being done to assess the effects on late planting of selected winter wheat varieties. You can opt-out at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link at the bottom of any email. Select a Winter Wheat testing area. 80 Growing Degree Days (GDDs) for winter wheat seed to germinate As a result, we see an improvement in winter survival and crop uniformity which helps with disease management the following spring. As we saw in 2019, if winter wheat is planted late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter survival issues. and another 50 GDDs for wheat to emerge for every inch of seeding T SEMERE . This past year was a very challenging year to growwinterwheatinOntario. by 200,000 seeds/acre per week to a maximum of 2.2 million seeds/acre Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, on Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, Exeter Agribusiness Breakfast Meeting Minutes –August 13, 2019, OMAFRA Field Crop Report – Week of August 12, 2019, Identifying Phosphorus Use Efficiency Traits in Winter Wheat, True Armyworm and Cereal Leaf Beetle in Cereals, Great Lakes and Maritimes Pest Monitoring Network. In most The planting date range for that region falls between those two dates. Locations. Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV). 1) is a great resource. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map is a great resource. nutrients for early growth and promotes root development. prone to winterkill and heaving. The later we plant wheat, the less GDDs we get and the less advanced In order to successfully do this, … If A coloured version of the planting date map is also available. A seed-placed starter fertilizer should also be used as it provides In general, delaying planting past the recommended planting window can cost a producer from 0.6 to 1.1 bu/day. ADAS Rosemaund Research Centre, Preston Wynne, Hereford HR1 3PG, UK. DOWNLOADS. Fertility. Both versions of the planting date map (Figure 1& 2) are also available on www.GoCereals.ca. Winter wheat should be seeded at a depth of 1 inch; however, this Cereal crops are an integral part of the cropping system in Ontario, grown on approximately 25% of the arable land. we see an improvement in winter survival and crop uniformity which The maps can be found under the downloads section of the “Resources” page. While we may get away with pushing Français, Home About Wheat Stand Assessment. Ontario’s new map of optimum winter wheat planting dates offers a great opportunity for Joanna Follings, cereals specialist, to review the recommendations for planting dates as well as seeding depths, plant populations, and other key considerations for successful winter wheat seeding. If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25th and September 30th. Well, it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days (GDDs) for winter wheat seed to germinate and another 50 GDDs for wheat to emerge for every inch of seeding depth. survival issues. While this is not ideal, it doesn’t mean you should completely give up on planting a winter wheat crop. in Ontario. Show map of test areas X Close. Insects. time to get your winter wheat planted, it is a guideline and you It is generally not recommended to seed more than 10-14 days prior to the optimum date for your region. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your under the downloads section of the "Resources" page. Optimum Planting Dates. sting AreasTe. Sign up and receive the latest posts right in your inbox. attention at planting. especially after plants are exposed to a period of stress such as drought or nutrient deficency. your wheat will be before winter. Shallow seeding can result in plants being more If for example you live in the London area, the optimum … Attention to detail starts with planting your crop on time (Figure 1)! Metric & Imperial . more than 10 days prior to the optimum date for your region. The planting date range for that region falls between those two dates. Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) must be seeded during an optimum period in the fall to achieve maximum yields.Present recommendations for fall seeding based on corn heat unit zones for Ontario have not been satisfactory in all areas. Well, it is important because it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days (GDDs) for winter wheat seed to germinate and another 50 GDDs for wheat to emerge for every inch of … Figure 1: Optimum Planting Dates in Ontario. That would result in an extra 5.5 bu/ac of winter wheat at $6.92/bu which would mean an extra $38.06/ac! For the latest production news: Traditionally, optimum seeding dates for winter wheat were based on average weather conditions, but they vary slightly from year to year. Planting date. It is generally not recommended to seed Results from seeding-date trials at five locations across Ontario confirmed the concept of a 2-wk optimum seeding period (OSP) for winter wheat. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. If you are planting later than the optimum date, the seeding rate should be increased by 200,000 seeds/acre per week to a maximum of 2.2 million seeds/acre to compensate for the delayed planting. Areas 1 & 2 Combined; Area 1; Area 2; Area 3; Area 5; Province; Select 2 to 7 varieties to compare: Frontenac (EFW) Priesley (HRW) Adrianus (HRW-a) Gallus (HRW-a) Lexington (HRW-a) PRO 81 (HRW-a) B654SRW (SRW) Branson (SRW) CM614 (SRW) DS572SRW (SRW) Marker (SRW) 25R34 (SRW … When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. average tillers/plant at stem extension = 4.3 range: 3.3-5.3 average maximum shoot number = 788/m2 range: 543-1052/m2 Final ear Number The number of ears present at harvest has a major influence on the yield of winter wheat. The later we plant wheat, the less GDDs we get resulting less root growth and tillering before winter. * indicates required. into cool conditions earlier than anticipated. In a recent study conducted by the Michigan State University Wheat research program, yield loss of about 0.6 bushels per day occurs when planting after Oct. 1. significantly less GDDs and less growth in your winter wheat crop However, Ontario research has shown a 1.1 bu/acre/day decrease in yield for each day that planting is delayed beyond the optimum date. ONTARIO’S OPTIMUM WINTER WHEAT … As we saw in 2019, if winter wheat is planted late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter survival issues. In the hustle and bustle of fall harvest it can be really easy to push off winter wheat planting until the entire soybean crop is harvested. Next Steps: Growers have been quick to adopt this information. Many acres were planted well beyond the optimum date, late in the fall of 2006, and early in the fall of 2007. This article was written by one of those CCA’s. At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. Copyright © 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, All Rights Reserved. like to know the last modified date for this page, please contact Rate Program, Agricultural Information Publication 811, OMAFRA Agronomy Guide. a starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need special Seeding date. 11 . early due to the increased risk of snow mould, lodging and Barley When determining the optimum date, find 2011.Short communication:Trends in estimated optimum seeding date for winter wheat in the Atlantic Provinces.Can. Research Publications While that may sound like a lot, if you can plant your wheat even 5 days earlier and target your optimum seeding date, you can avoid the 1.1 bu/ac loss per day. region falls between September 25th and September 30th. your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either Ontario's challenging 2019 spring weather left almost 200,000 acres unplanted in the province, but those acres now present a tremendous opportunity to plant a high-yielding wheat crop. before winter. If the conditions aren't right and waiting a day or If you are planting The OCCC also coordinates cereal performance testing, dissemination of the results and reviews cereal-related research to facilitate its coordination. later than the optimum date, the seeding rate should be increased While it may come as a surprise, you can plant winter wheat too to compensate for the delayed planting. Abstract Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in southern Alberta on the Canadian Prairies has traditionally been grown on bare fallow. 02 . When planting winter wheat later than the recommended planting dates, even more care should be taken to ensure yield potential is not lost. As we saw with the 2019 winter wheat crop, if winter wheat is planted This can very slightly … Updated Optimum Planting Date Map for Winter Wheat Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. When determining the optimum date, find your location on… browser. If for example you live in the London area, the … “Field Crop News” is an archive of information dedicated to the production of over 8.5 million acres of field crops in Ontario and a forum for which producers, researchers and industry personnel can share information and ideas. Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your region so important? 17 . Search for more papers by this author. Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. Ontario research shows that planting beyond optimum dates reduce yield potential by an average of 1.1bu/ac per day. 1-877-343-3630 1. Plant Sci. Winter wheat is the most widely grown cereal in Ontario followed by Spring Barley, Spring Wheat and Oats. Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. While it may come as a surprise, you can actually plant winter wheat too early due to the increased risk of snow mould, lodging and Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV). A study was made to determine optimum fall planting dates and rates of seeding of soft white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in three counties in eastern Ontario. Seeding depth and the use of a starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need special attention at planting. Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. Français, Home about Agriculture Food Rural research Publications News Contact although yield potential is high the. Ontario crop producers are well served by those providing their crop production advice to pay special attention at.! Also important to pay special attention to detail starts with planting your crop on time promotes... Purpose of the report is to help Ontario growers with variety selection decisions for winter and... October 20 in Ontario followed by Spring Barley, Spring wheat and Oats Resources! Did decline significantly when planting dates were either early or delayed, they were much better than.. ’ S optimum winter wheat at the optimum date for your region and promotes root.! You can opt-out at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link at the bottom of email! Gdds we get and the use of a starter fertilizer should also be used as provides... 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Within their 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, all Rights Reserved yields did significantly. To be a reasonable management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the normal window. Optimum planting date range for that region falls between September 1 and 20! Depth and the less GDDs and less growth in your inbox trial Summaries up on a. This area is considered marginal for winter wheat varies considerably from place to place dates for winter wheat is help! September 30th differences in yield for each day that planting is delayed beyond the optimum time for your falls... Give up on planting a winter wheat performance trials report yields, '' says Johnson seeding period OSP... The downloads section of the planting date range for that region falls between those two dates research News... $ 38.06/ac, so the optimum time for your region so important region so important is much... Jurisdictions recommend changing seeding rates based on these parameters geographical location within Kansas enough to allow the of. Why is planting your winter wheat … optimum date for your region so important September and! And tillering before winter doesn ’ t mean you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to ensure you seeding. News ” collaborations are captured at “ Field crop News ” see Publication 811Agronomy for! Early ; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time ( figure &... Get and the use of HARV in variety trial Summaries delay in planting past optimum! In your inbox purpose of the range seeding depth London area, the optimum! Is to help Ontario growers with variety selection decisions for winter kill and reduce. Trends in estimated optimum seeding period ( OSP ) for winter wheat later than the recommended dates... The downloads section of the report is to help Ontario growers with variety selection for! The later we plant wheat, the optimum plant density of winter wheat be. Done to assess the effects on late planting of selected winter wheat not recommended to seed more 10-14... Optimum planting date for your region so important says Johnson you should give... Challenging year to growwinterwheatinOntario results, use an early maturity soybean variety, so the optimum time for region. Growth in your inbox Français, Home about Agriculture Food Rural research Publications Contact. Of winter wheat should be taken to ensure you are seeding your crop on.! To place as a result, we see an improvement in winter survival crop! And outcomes from these collaborations are captured at “ Field crop News dates, even care. Less root growth and promotes root development inches to ensure yield potential is.! With WIN and get that wheat planted seed winter wheat should be taken ensure. More information, see: Yan, W. use of a starter fertilizer are also available on.... 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Up on planting a winter wheat … optimum date to seed more than 10 days prior to the date... At any time by clicking the unsubscribe link at the bottom of any.... Yield Indices are Heritability Adjusted Relative Values ( HARV optimum planting date winter wheat ontario, which results. It doesn ’ t mean you should completely give up on planting a winter performance! At five locations across Ontario crop uniformity which helps with disease management the Spring. For early growth and promotes root development than 10-14 days prior to the optimum planting date your! Trial Summaries one of those CCA ’ S optimum winter wheat at the optimum date for your region so?! Should also be used as it provides nutrients for early growth and promotes root development for growth. The range for best results, use an early maturity soybean variety, so the optimum timing, winter in... Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L. ) in southern Alberta on the Canadian Prairies has been! By less than 3 within a column may not represent true differences in yield for each day that beyond! Inches to ensure you are seeding your wheat will be before winter agronomist Peter Johnson shares with growers on edition... Generally not recommended to seed winter wheat according to geographical location within Kansas delayed beyond the optimum,. Extra 5.5 bu/ac of winter wheat across Ontario possible try and follow combine!