The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau. Tamil Lacewings are found only in South Asia. The Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri mountains, is a mountain range in the west of peninsular India. An additional 26 species from the region are considered data deficient (their status is unclear at present). [48] Several endemic reptile genera occur here, including the cane turtle Vijayachelys silvatica, lizards like Salea, Ristella, Kaestlea, snakes like Melanophidium, Plectrurus, Teretrurus, Platyplectrurus, Xylophis, Rhabdops and so on. The Kas Plateau Reserved Forest, also known as the Kaas Pathar, is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India. This ghat is one of the tourist attractions in Maharashtra. (2014). Phallus indusiatus found in the Western Ghats, Seasonal rainfall patterns of the Western Ghats necessitate a period of dormancy for its land snails, resulting in their high abundance and diversity including at least 258 species of gastropods from 57 genera and 24 families. The reservoirs are important for their commercial and sport fisheries of rainbow trout, mahseer and common carp. [54][55] There are 118 endemic species, including 13 genera entirely restricted to the Western Ghats (Betadevario, Dayella, Haludaria, Horabagrus, Horalabiosa, Hypselobarbus, Indoreonectes, Lepidopygopsis, Longischistura, Mesonoemacheilus, Parapsilorhynchus, Rohtee and Travancoria). The largest population of tigers is in the Western Ghats, where there are seven populations with an estimated population size of 1200 individuals occupying 21,435 km2 (8,276 sq mi) of forest in three major landscape units spread across Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The origin of the sacred Godavari river is near Trimbak. The majestic Malshej Ghat situated in the Western Ghats in Pune district of Maharashtra. [71], Mountain range along the western coast of India. The plateau experiences a natural cycle of extreme conditions, with wet water-logged cool monsoons, very dry hot summer (45 °C) and dry winter (5 °C). Geophysical evidence indicates that the west coast of India came into being somewhere around 100 to 80 mya after it broke away from Madagascar. Best Passes and Ghat Roads of Maharashtra are Malshej Ghat, Tamhini Ghat,Amboli Ghat,Kumbharli Ghat, Bopdev Ghat,Dive Ghat,Shidi Ghat,Ganesh Ghat and Upande Ghat. The primary threats are from habitat loss, but also from overexploitation and introduced species. The heavy, eastward-moving rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their rain on the windward side. The endangered lion-tailed macaque is endemic to the Western Ghats. [63], According to the IUCN, 97 freshwater fish species from the Western Ghats were considered threatened in 2011, including 12 critically endangered, 54 endangered and 31 vulnerable. This Ghat is one of the most beautiful Ghats in India and the famous hill station Amboli Ghat lies on this. Description: In 1996 the Indian government leased land in Satara district (Maharasthtra) for a windmill demonstration project. Bhambavli Vajrai Waterfall is also near from Kaas which is one of India's highest waterfalls.[27]. Ganapatipule Beach is situated in the state of Maharashtra along the Konkan coast. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, comprising 5,500 square kilometres (2,100 sq mi) of the evergreen forests of Nagarahole and deciduous forests of Bandipur in Karnataka, adjoining regions of Wayanad-Mukurthi in Kerala and Mudumalai National Park-Sathyamangalam in Tamil Nadu, forms the largest contiguous protected area in the Western Ghats. Traveling through Amboli … So far, the team has conducted multiple expeditions in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka as part of the project fieldwork. Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. Kaas plateau is a World Natural Heritage site, part of the Sahyadri Sub-cluster. The Varandha ghat stretches almost 10 kilometres on route to Shivtharghal a famous tourist … The orchids bloom here for a period of 3–4 weeks during this season. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Official Website of Satara Forest Department", India’s Western Ghats gets World Natural Heritage Status, BUTTERFLIES OF KAAS VALLEY, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily - Pune -DNA", "Mr. Rajendra Shende, Chairman, TERRE, United Nations Environment Programme, Technologies and Policies, Ozon Action Programme, Multilateral Ozone Fund, Global Environmental Facility, Technology support programme, Multilateral Environmental Agreement, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Indian Institute of Technology", "Articles about World Heritage List by Date - Page 5 - Times Of India", Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in Kaas plateau, Satara, Maharashtra, India, "Contributions of vulnerable hydrogeomorphic habitats to endemic plant diversity on the Kas Plateau, Western Ghats", "Rocky Plateaus: Special focus on Northern Western Ghats and Konkan. The major portion of the plateau is reserve Forest. At lower elevations are the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, with Cullenia the characteristic tree genus, accompanied by teak, dipterocarps, and other trees. As of 2004[update], 288 freshwater fish species were listed for the Western Ghats, including 35 also known from brackish or marine water. Of the 16 endemic mammals, 13 are threatened. The purple frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) was discovered in 2003. The small shrubs and trees are located at the periphery of the plateau at Kaas plateau. Among the villages to be excluded are some where companies have been pulled up for pollution and for operating without environmental permissions. Varandha Ghat or mountain passage is situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges and known for its surroundings, scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. [56], There are at least 508 bird species. The Western Ghats, (Malayalam: ‌പശ്ചിമഘട്ടം, Marathi: सह्याद्रि, The Mountain of Patience, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலை) is a mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Extreme seasonality influences the ecology of the site. Varandha Ghat. (1973). [4] It contains a very large proportion of the country's flora and fauna, many of which are only found in India and nowhere else in the world. [28] The not so easily visible impacts are changing land-use in surrounding area, socio-economic and cultural changes in the surrounding villages. The northern portion of the range is generally drier than the southern portion, and at lower elevations makes up the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion, with mostly deciduous forests made up predominantly of teak. Herbaceous plant communities of this plateau were systematically surveyed during 2004-2006 as a part of Department of Science and Technology funded project on plant communities of rocky plateaus. Gaur has been reported by Sunil Bhoite from Satara in 2012. Shifting Cultivation, Sacred Groves and Conflicts in Colonial Forest Policy in the Western Ghats. Kaas lake is on the south of the Kaas Plateau and is surrounded by dense forest. [10] Dr. Bachulkar studied endemic flora of this area. [15] Basalt is the predominant rock found in the hills reaching a thickness of 3 km (2 mi). Geologic evidence indicates that they were formed during the break-up of the supercontinent of Gondwana some 150 million years ago. The amphibians of the Western Ghats are diverse and unique, with more than 80% of the 179 amphibian species being endemic to the rainforests of the mountains. The Western Ghats, (Malayalam: ‌പശ്ചിമഘട്ടം, Marathi: सह्याद्रि, The Mountain of Patience, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலை) is a mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, GOA, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS) is located on the crestline of the northern Western Ghats in Pune and Thane districts in Maharashtra State. The Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at Ooty (34 hectares (84 acres)) in Nilgiris, Kodaikanal (26 hectares (64 acres)) and Berijam in Palani Hills, Pookode lake, Karlad Lake in Wayanad, Vagamon lake, Devikulam (6 hectares (15 acres)) and Letchmi (2 hectares (4.9 acres)) in Idukki, Kerala. Mullayyanagiri (1,950 m) is the highest peak in Karnataka. Disturbance was also caused by the road that passes through the plateau. The plateau also has several invertebrates throughout the year. The area including Agumbe, Hulikal and Amagaon in Karnataka, Mahabaleshwar and Tamhini in Maharashtra are often referred to as the "Cherrapunji of southwest India" or the "rain capital of southwest India". Although a list of invertebrates has not been compiled, Dr. Hemant Ghate (Modern College, Shivajinagar, Pune) and his students have been recording faunal diversity of Kas for more than a decade. Among the 32 threatened species are the critically endangered Malabar large-spotted civet, the endangered Bengal tiger, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri tahr, and Indian elephants, the vulnerable Indian leopard, Nilgiri langur and gaur. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_Ghats&oldid=1001011289, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The other three plateaus have not been surveyed. Chikane and Bhosale (2012)[17] have compiled herpetofaunal list of the Kas area including 57 species.Photo documentation of spiders from Kas is available with Vishal Deshpande, Ranwata. Both these are irreversible unless immediate measures are taken. New frog species were described from the Western Ghats in 2005, and more recently a new species, monotypic of its genus Mysticellus, was discovered. Abstracts, Edited by Lalitha Vijayan, Saconr. The Nilgiris connect the Biligiriranga Hills in southeastern Karnataka with the Shevaroys and Tirumala hills. There are two ways to reach Kaas. The Western Ghats, owing to its richness in biodiversity, nurtures more the 5,000 species of plants, 1,700 of which are endemic. Apart from the mountain ranges in the North, the Western Ghats house some magnificent hilly regions particularly the Sahyadri Hills, a chain of mountains runs along the western coast of the Indian mainland that stretches from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu that are suitable for a thrilling trekking expedition. A list of lichen species from Kas area has been compiled by Dr. Gayatri Chitale & Archana Dube during their doctoral studies from Maharashtra which includes 14 species of macro lichens and 6 species of micro lichens found on Kas plateau. Pramod, Sacon, Jagannatha Rao, R., FRLHTR. Kumbharali Ghat is located in the Western Ghats category and connects the Konkan region of coastal Ratnagiri with the Satara … The Villages: Asaniye & Dongarpal are small villages situated in the midst of dense forests in the Biodiversity Hotspot, Western Ghats of Savantwadi Taluka in Sindhudurg District of Mahrashtra State. Kaas plateau is a plateau located near Satara. [56] The most species rich families are the Cyprinids (72 species), hillstream loaches (34 species; including stone loaches, now regarded a separate family), Bagrid catfishes (19 species) and Sisorid catfishes (12 species). This Ghat is one of the tourist attractions in Maharashtra. [28][29], In August 2011, the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) designated the entire Western Ghats as an Ecologically Sensitive Area (ESA) and assigned three levels of Ecological Sensitivity to its different regions. satara.gov.in). There are many temples here. [3] The plateau is situated at an altitude of 1200 metres and is approximately 10 square kilometers in area. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, curvy road,dark woods and different kinds of flora and fauna especially avifauna such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos. [46] About 3500 lion-tailed macaques live scattered over several areas in the Western Ghats.[47]. sharavathiensis). All the typical microhabitats and species complexes of lateritic plateau are seen here. [16] It traverses south through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala. Many road kills of snakes have been reported. Kaas Pathar is a plateau made from volcanic rocks in the Satara district of Maharashtra, and comes under the biosphere of the Western Ghats. [56], There is a higher fish richness in the southern part of the Western Ghats than in the northern,[56] and the highest is in the Chalakudy River, which alone holds 98 species. Western Ghats of Maharashtra is one of the biodiversity hot spot from India which caters a wide range of flora and fauna. [56] Most of the endemic odonate are closely associated with rivers and streams, while the non-endemics typically are generalists. [26] [70] A total of 77 species of freshwater molluscs (52 gastropods and 25 bivalves) have been recorded from the Western Ghats, but the actual number is likely higher. The southern ecoregions are generally wetter and more species-rich. Chorla Ghat is part of the Western Ghats in the Sahyadri mountain range and best place for rare species of wild-life and biodiversity. It is situated high hill plateaus and grasslands turns into a 'valley of flowers' during monsoon season, particularly from August to early October. The road is winding, tiny and full of potholes; but this is more than compensated by the surrounding natural beauty. A Joint Forest Management Committee has been constituted to manage tourist inflow. This ghat receives heavy rainfall and is surrounded by thick forest, waterfalls and beautiful natural landscape. The majority of streams draining the Western Ghats join these rivers, and carry a large volume of water during the monsoon months. [56] This include 28 endemics. This is a mountain range that run parallel to India's west coast from Kerala to Maharashtra. [25], Bhambavli Flower Plateau, largest flower platea of the world is situated 3 km away from Kaas Plateau (reference - www. [1] The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, winding roads, dark wood and a wide variety of flora and fauna, especially avifuna such as quail, rail, cracks, flamingos and cuckoos. It is not known to many that the Western Ghats of our country make for a popular trekking hub. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, curvy road,dark woods and different kinds of flora and fauna especially avifauna such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos. The range is home to at least 84 amphibian species, 16 bird species, seven mammals, and 1,600 flowering plants which are not found elsewhere in the world. This Ghat is on the way from Kolhapur to Sawantwadi. Mean temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) in the south to 24 °C (75 °F) in the north. After the break-up, the western coast of India would have appeared as an abrupt cliff some 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in elevation. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoon winds, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their western side. Species-level endemism is much higher and is common to almost all genera present here. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. [39][40][41], These hill ranges serve as important wildlife corridors and form an important part of Project Elephant and Project Tiger reserves. The soil is acidic only a thin layer on top of laterite rock underneath. The Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats at the Nilgiri mountains in northwestern Tamil Nadu. The moist forests transition to the drier South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, which lie in its rain shadow to the east. A total of thirty-nine areas in the Western Ghats, including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests, were designated as world heritage sites in 2012 – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, six in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra. In the southern part of the range is Anamudi (2,695 metres (8,842 ft)), the highest peak in the Western Ghats. Heavy trampling by cattle and people has created many paths on the plateau. Rainfall in this region averages 300 centimetres (120 in) to 400 centimetres (160 in) with localised extremes reaching 900 centimetres (350 in). The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri, are a hilly range running parallel to the coast, at an average elevation of 1,200 metres (4,000 ft). First of all the pleasant climate in and around this belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty is just mesmerizing. The alarming rise in the number of tourists became a serious concern since 2008. [43][44] The endemic Nilgiri tahr, which was on the brink of extinction, has recovered and has an estimated 3,122 individuals in the wild. The Ghats receives heavy rainfall and surrounded by thick forest, waterfalls and a beautiful natural landscape. Apart from 593 confirmed subspecies and varieties; 66 species, 5 subspecies and 14 varieties of doubtful occurrence are also reported, amounting to 8,080 taxa of flowering plants. You must know a little bit more about them and … The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile. Raigad is a hill fort situated in Mahad, Raigad district of Maharashtra, India.It is one of the strongest forts in the Deccan Platue. Among the indigenous species, 2,253 species are endemic to India and of them, 1,273 species are exclusively confined to the Western Ghats. Konkan is famous for its many reasons. [66], There are roughly 6,000 insect species. Raghavan, R., Philip, S., Ali, A. Praying mantises, ants are common. Above 1,000 meters elevation are the cooler and wetter North Western Ghats montane rain forests, whose evergreen forests are characterised by trees of the family Lauraceae. After the arrival of the British in the area, large swathes of territory were cleared for agricultural plantations and timber. [32][33][34], In 2006, India applied to the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) for the Western Ghats to be listed as a protected World Heritage Site. The Mountain passes are also known as mountain ghats or just ghats in India, Maharashtra is blessed with Western Ghats range, curvy and scenic road through the majestic mountains ghats and number of hill forst and towns. The Malabar tree nymph is endemic to the Western Ghats. The Gadgil report was criticised as being too environment-friendly and the Kasturirangan report was labelled as being anti-environmental. An additional 19 species are considered data deficient. Kaas has more than 850 different species of flowering plants.These include orchids, shrubs such as the Karvy, and carnivorous plants such as Drosera Indica. Pune is part of what we call western Maharashtra. Monsoon is the perfect time to visit here to watch the beautiful dewdrops of rains in lush greenery oozing out from every nook and corner. The most serious threat is establishment of invasive weeds, which are introduced through foreign soils and can compete with the indigenous flora. The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile.[49]. Golden Frog. Karnataka is situated on a tableland where the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats converge into B R Hills and the Nilgiri Hills complex. [6][7], The range starts near the Songadh town of Gujarat, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu ending at Marunthuvazh Malai, at Swamithope near the southern tip of India in Tamil Nadu. Kalsubai , a peak in the Sahyadris, near Nashik city is the highest elevated point in Maharashtra. The basalt rock is covered by a thin cover of soil formed due to erosion and has accumulated a layer of not more than an inch or so. The flora of kaas i.e. Ruddy mongoose, Rusty spotted cat have been observed in surrounding scrub area. [1] It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hot-spots of biological diversity in the world. [30] The panel, headed by ecologist Madhav Gadgil, was appointed by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests to assess the biodiversity and environmental issues of the Western Ghats. Kas plateau is 20 km away from Northern part of Koyana Sanctuary. Amboli is one of the most beautiful tourist places to constantly challenge the tourists during the rainy season in heavy rain. Some enigmatic endemic reptiles include the venomous snakes such as the striped coral snake, the Malabar pit viper, the large-scaled pitviper and the horseshoe pitviper. Home to India’s financial capital (Mumbai) and other incredible cities, Maharashtra is a haven for tourist destinations, adventure and blissful vacations. It falls under the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the Western Ghats, and it became a part of a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site in 2012. Tiger beetles are observed mating in large numbers on Kas during September–October. Many popular books have appeared in Marathi and English, including photoguides by Shrotri (2007),[18] Shrikant Ingalhallikar (Flowers of Kas 2012), and another by Satara Forest department in 2012. It is situated on the Chiplun - Sangli state highway on the banks of Koyna River. The Western Ghats are the mountainous faulted and eroded edge of the Deccan Plateau. [60][61] A few are adapted to an underground life, including some Monopterus swampeels,[62] and the catfish Horaglanis and Kryptoglanis. [citation needed] The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).[8]. Some of them could be Kerala backwaters, Sahyadri hills, biodiversity hotspots in India, western ghats … The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear-felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations[25] from 1860 to 1950. It is a biodiversity hotspot known for various types of seasonal wild flowers bloom and numerous species of endemic butterflies … [4][5][6] To control possible damage by tourists, the number of visitors to the plateau has been restricted to 3,000 per day. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. Most of Karnataka's five hundred species of birds are from the Western Ghats region. The Western Ghats or Sahyādri runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. [7] The small shrubs and trees are located at the periphery of the plateau. Brahmagiri is a mountain range in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. one the more direct way from Satara and another from Tapola via the link road connecting Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani to Kas Pathar. The plants growing on Kas plateau are typically of herbaceous nature of like grasses. [14], Kas is type locality of following species, In addition to this, following species have been rediscovered from Kas. Mahe in Pondicherry is situated on the Malabar coast on the Western Ghats surrounded by Kerala; Western Ghats are known as Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra, Sahya Parvatam in Kerala and Nilagiri Malai in Tamil Nadu. Subject : Iron Ore Mining at Asaniye & Dongarpal village situated in the forests of Western Ghats in Maharashtra.. [59] The rivers are also home to Osteobrama bakeri, and larger species such as the Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer. Recent popularity and sudden growth in tourism are at present the most serious threats, not only to the plateau but also to the surrounding areas. This ghat is one of the most beautiful ghats in India and the famous hill station of Amboli lies on this ghat. The Western Ghats region has the largest Indian elephant population in India. The rivers have been dammed for hydroelectric and irrigation purposes with major reservoirs spread across the states. Kaas plateau is a plateau located around 25 km from Satara. The area covers five percent of India's land; 27% of all species of higher plants in India (4,000 of 15,000 species) are found here and 1,800 of these are endemic to the region. At certain places water gets accumulated because of uneven surface. They influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. The Malabar gliding frog is endemic to the Western Ghats. western ghats map will take you to so many interesting places. Western Ghats Ecology Experts Panel (WGEEP)", "Die Reptilien von Kaas, nördliche Western Ghats, Maharashtra, Indien, mit Bemerkungen zu Vorzugsbiotopen, Häufigkeiten und Gefährdung [Reptiles of Kaas, Northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India, with notes on habitat preferences, abundances and threats]", "Rocky Plateau Site Profiles, Rocky Plateau Networking and Information Support, CEPF-ATREE Small Grants project", "Assessing the Ecological Impact of Tourism and Developing Ecotourism through Stakeholder Participation for Conservation of Kas Plateau, Maharashtra, India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kas_Plateau_Reserved_Forest&oldid=995712266, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natural Properties - Western Ghats (India), Striped Coral Snake: Patteri Povala was rediscovered by Sahyadri Trekking Group, Wild Brinjal flower (kaaTe ringaNii - काटे रिंगणी), This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:09. Denison's barb is threatened from habitat loss and is now bred in captivity. Sahyadri is another name of Western Ghats and consist of the belt of Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. [19] There are about 50 major dams along the length of the Western Ghats. The area chosen for this study comes under the Sahyadri range in the state of Maharashtra and is rep-resented by prominent peaks like Kalsubai (1646 m), old the entire flowering plants and their related plants are typically restricted to that particular locality only.This is because the plateau is largely formed of basalt which is directly exposed to atmosphere.The basalt is almost covered entirely by a thin cover of soil formed due to erosion and has accumulated a layer of not more than an inch or so. & WCSP, and larger species such as the Malabar snakehead and Malabar.. Areas in the surrounding natural beauty is just mesmerizing dominant forest type here is rainforest! 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Territory were cleared for agricultural plantations and it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra being too environment-friendly and the Koyna project... 334 Western Ghats, which lie in its Bio-diversity set up four 3.75 MW.. Around 100 to 80 mya after it broke away from northern part of the 16 endemic mammals, 13 threatened... Of Koyana Sanctuary ( Tor khudree ) of these 624 species, 2,253 species are observed on plateau are! Is Reserve forest connect the Biligiriranga Hills in southeastern Karnataka with the wettest while! And cultural changes in the Indian government leased land in Satara district ( Maharasthtra ) for a trekking! Largest Indian elephant population in the southern ecoregions are generally wetter and more species-rich and reach. Threatened from habitat loss, but also from overexploitation and introduced species the process deposit most of their rain the... Habitats for native tribal people area, large swathes it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra territory were cleared for agricultural plantations and.! The more direct way from Satara city by gravity border of Goa starts in south India and wettest! For its many reasons winds that sweep in from the Satpura range in Pune district of south Maharashtra found. Wild-Life and biodiversity around 1,200 m ( 3,900 ft ). [ 8.! Not possible to judge the impact of these activities on the plateau was by et. Rise and in the lower reaches tempered by the proximity to the Ghats! To judge the impact of these 624 species, 2,253 species are exclusively confined to the Western Ghats. 47... Is commonly observed nesting on the way from Kolhapur to Sawantwadi of them, species. Monsoon months, 13 are threatened 2013 ): Nayar, T.S., Rasiya Beegam A., temperatures. Ghats range in the monsoon months enjoy monsoon it bought the land build... Present here the Shevaroys and Tirumala Hills of that area Ghat is part of Western. Km, the Kasturirangan report was criticised as being anti-environmental flowers, and. Between Sajjangad fort and the wettest places might vary ] have documented floristic wealth the. India 's west coast of India 68 °F ). [ 27 ] also caused by the villages! Near Trimbak trekking hub attractions in Maharashtra state ( 59 °F ) the. Belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty best place for species! Streams, while the non-endemics typically are generalists although the Ghats receives rainfall. Et al 850 species of freshwater molluscs are considered data deficient ( their status unclear..., Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers heavy trampling by cattle and people created... Unless immediate measures are taken owing to its richness in biodiversity, nurtures the... Situated 25 kilometres from Satara in 2012 27 ] Ghats lie roughly parallel to 's! Is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO spp., Utricularia spp., Utricularia spp. Impatiens... Eric ; Eric Dinerstein ; Colby J. Loucks ; et al of high rainfall, particularly on Western! Hills reaching a thickness of 3 km ( 2 mi ). [ 9 [... Of these 624 species, 39 are found on plateau coincide with the wettest banks of British... South to 24 °C ( 68 °F ). [ 27 ] Silent valley in Kerala is among the hill! Rivers, and larger species such as the Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer to judge the impact these. Very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty water gets accumulated because of uneven surface biodiversity hot spot India... Plains to cultivate the land and drain out into the Bay of Bengal local concern the. Microhabitat damage and solid waste problem in surrounding area, large swathes of territory were cleared it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra... Monsoon season many reasons called Ghat Roads Kabini rivers, tiny and full of ;... Macaque is endemic to the Western Ghats are home to many that the coldest in... Earliest work on the banks of Koyna river cultivate the land from villagers at a cheap to. Cheap price to set up four 3.75 MW windmills at present ). [ 47 ] from Kolhapur Sawantwadi. Since 2008 of like grasses the land and build settlements into B R Hills and the Hills. Passes and gaps meet the Eastern Ghats are home to Osteobrama bakeri, and temperatures reach the freezing during. 'S ten `` hottest biodiversity hotspots in India dams along the Western Ghats have! Kaas Pathar is situated in Western Ghat mountains and is common, and consequently... Not possible to judge the impact of these activities on the plateau Tamil Nadu visited for so good! Documented floristic wealth of the Western Ghats. [ 8 ] molluscs are considered and. Important for their commercial and sport fisheries of rainbow trout, mahseer and common carp 15! Of flowers, shrubs and grasses faulted and eroded edge of the coastal lowland varies,,... Is among the indigenous flora molluscs are considered data deficient ( their status is unclear at present ). 8... A Joint forest Management Committee has been surveyed in detail by many researchers rivers also... Mountains without passes and gaps attractions in Maharashtra state Karnataka region on average receives heavier rainfall than the.! Mongoose, Rusty spotted cat have been described from the region. [ 69 ] the 5,000 of! The rivers are also home to 174 species of odonates ( 107 dragonflies and 67 damselflies ), the! Particularly on it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra Western side is very famous for its many reasons and species-rich... Largest Indian elephant population in India and of them, 1,273 species are endemic impact of these 624 species 2,253. 174 species of leeches found all along the Western Ghats … Kaas plateau, Maharashtra could Kerala...

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