University of Kansas Publications. ... Illinois, Snapping and Softshell Turtles are often sought for food. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (2018) Volume 111, pp. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. Smith (1961) considered Illinois populations to be mainly A. s. compared to 11.4-17.8 cm (4.5-7 in.) They inhabit the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and Escambia river drainage systems. Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. conservation efforts for the Smooth Softshell Turtle. River Monsters™ 355,275 views Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata Softshell turtles have a hard bony shell. Their name refers both to the leathery skin covering the shell and to the rear portion of the shell that is tough but flexible (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 2014). Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. Females are larger than males, with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm (6.5-14 in.) The plastron is light (white or gray) with no markings, and the underlying bones are visible. For instance, the Florida softshell turtle can weigh over 40 pounds and reach over 2 feet long, requiring a large area to swim. Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. The kind of softshell turtle you choose will determine the size of tank you need. That species is one of six that are classified as “state-endangered,” joining the river cooter, smooth softshell, Illinois mud turtle, Blanding’s turtle, and spotted turtle. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Click trait name for all matches or numbers for narrower searches (e.g., het only). website. As adults, they usually have an area about 1,2228 m long where they generally feed and live. It is most abundant in the latter. They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. Check out the IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Smooth Softshell Turtle. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly understood (e.g., Meylan, 1987; Engstrom et al., 2004). A similar but expanded pair of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes onto the neck. This turtle's shell is soft, smooth and leathery with no scales or scutes (plates). Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Hist. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. However, letting a pet turtle that was perhaps from another state/country/region loose in the wild is injurious to not only the animal you are freeing, but also to the local population of animals. The goals were to 1) determine Factors affecting movement, home range, and habitat use, 2) obtaining estimates of population size and population structure, and 3) determine the freshwater turtle community structure. Housing the Softshell Turtle . It is the only species of a softshell turtle whose range spans the … Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in … Status: Endangered. 1827. Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle in water at The Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. The species is endemic to North America. Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) Sternotherus odoratus. When he found her, she had a fish hook caught in her mouth, but by the time she reached our hospital, the hook was nowhere in sight. I live in Illinois and the Eastern Spiny Softshell and the Smooth Softshell are both native and very abundant here. The smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle of the family Trionychidae. 15. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females. Declines of the latter three can be attributed in part to loss of wetlands. 22 mm diameter) in sand banks or bars from late May into July. Last week, a concerned fisherman brought this gorgeous softshell turtle to the Wildlife Medical Clinic. Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle... Apalone spinifera Eastern spiny softshell turtle... Caretta caretta Loggerhead... Chelonia mydas Green turtle... Chelydra serpentina ... Illinois (23) North Carolina (23) South Carolina (23) Virginia (23) Arkansas (21) Tennessee (21) Maryland (20) Smooth softshell turtles may be easily confused with the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), as the differences between the two species are subtle. Keep your eyes open the next time you're near the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers. Populations appear to be declining in much of the state. The male Smooth Softshell Turtle carapaces only reach half of this length. Paired, dark-bordered, white stripes extend across snout to eyes. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). The smallest Illinois turtle is the spotted turtle, Clemmys guttata. 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