China poses a huge threat to India as it is building a road in the location which makes it easier for China to reach the Chicken Neck or the Siliguri corridor of India and can make attempts to isolate northeastern parts of India." Doklam (in Standard Bhutanese), Zhoglam (in Standard Tibetan), or Donglang (pinyin, Chinese: 洞朗), is an area with a plateau and a valley, lying between China's Chumbi Valley to the north, Bhutan's Ha Valley to the east and India's Sikkim state's Nathang Valley to the west. The route has a major broad gauge railway line. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. (Col Vinayak Bhat (Retd) is a consultant for India Today. This thin stretch of land-- also referred to as “Chicken’s Neck”, is extremely Strategically, the Siliguri Corridor is precisely the point where China could hit in case of escalating conflict between the two Asian giants. U are in no position to take sides nor ur ilkes run the show. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. Distance and Situation: It is a narrow passage with an Achilles Hill which is the point of defense of Siliguri Corridor of the almost 1,000-kilometer border in the North Eastern States with China and Myanmar which is the prime target of the enemy for confrontation. India cannot afford to allow any Chinese presence inside the narrow corridor for … Yet it was the Indian military that liberated you. This week's links also include the Australian government's settlement deal with asylum seekers and airlines' role in fighting human trafficking. Although the agreement significantly reduced the tensions in the India-Bhutan-China region, China’s attempts to seize de facto control continued. This piece of land is about 60 km in length but a meagre 22 km in width at its narrowest point. The deployment of artillery, missiles or anti-aircraft weaponry could further jeopardise India’s efforts to resupply the region in case of war. The corridor is approximately 33 km wide on the eastern end and 21 km on the western flank1. The corridor is the only route through which security forces can move to Sikkim and Northeast,” said a retired army officer based in Siliguri. The 60-kilometre long and 22-kilometre wide Siliguri Corridor in the Indian state of West Bengal, also known as the “Chicken’s Neck”, connects India’s north-eastern states with the rest of the country. The Siliguri Corridor is strategically important and highly sensitive territory, as it remains the only bridge between the eight north-eastern states of India and the rest of the country. RAW has penetrated every govt agency in ur country, like it or not. The formation of East Bengal created a geographical barrier to the northeastern part of India. China, which already claims 90,000 square kilometres of territory in India’s north-east, has been a perennial threat to the Siliguri Corridor. If Chinese forces can exert influence over the “Chicken’s Neck” from Yadong, then China can cut off India’s access to the North East completely in times of war or disputes,” a source familiar of these developments told Zee News. events, published daily by the The Siliguri Corridor lies in the Chumbi Valley of Chinese-held Tibetan Autonomous Region that is contiguous to the Indian States of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman (Photo: PTI) ... Pakyong airport is located nearby the strategic Chumbi Valley in Tibet, the Siliguri Corridor …and Doklam. The region, he pointed out, is important as back in 1967, Indian and Chinese forces had exchanged fire on the border in Sikkim — that was merged as an Indian state in 1975 — and heavy casualties had been reported on both the sides at Nathu-la. Electrification of this double-track corridor is in progress with assistance from Central Organization for Railway Electrification (CORE). As a sensitive area amidst three countries, the strip is heavily patrolled by the Indian Army, the Assam Rifles, the Border Security Force and the West Bengal Police. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. Beside, the 75-kilometre long track will also help better integrate the rest of the country with the Siliguri corridor, also known as the 'Chicken's Neck.' A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. With China continuing road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border, the threat to the Chicken’s Neck is a constant one, as the infrastructure could allow China to mobilise rapidly in the region. The city of Siliguri, in the state of West Bengal, is the major settlement in this area and the central node that connects Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling hills, Northeast India and the rest of India. It’s no less important for Bhutan either, representing a main supply route into the country. The Siliguri corridor, a narrow passage to India’s eight north-eastern (NE) states, is a perennial threat to our security. So what exactly happened in 1971, you tell me. The corridor is heavily defended, besides Indian army, the corridor is defended and patrolled by the Assam Rifles, the Border Security Force and the West Bengal Police. For its part, the Indian army has also also declared it is fully prepared to respond to any provocation by China along the LAC. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] ()) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. While each space has its relevance, yet three most critical corridors are – Siliguri corridor; Pathankot-Jammu link and Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie (DBO), touted as ‘casus belli’ by the Chinese for the current stand-off. While the Chumbi Valley is flanked on either side, by Sikkim on its west and Bhutan on the east, Nepal shares a common border with Sikkim and the Chinese and Indian armies are face-to-face along the whole of Arunachal Pradesh. Sky Map, China’s authority on digital maps, has issued an updated version of its official map in which China includes parts of Arunachal Pradesh within its international boundaries. Aren't you guys meant to come to the rescue and aid of india in case if war against China or anyone else? The use of Bhutanese territory for the defence of the corridor will attract Chinese punitive action against Bhutan. What is the width of siliguri corridor or chickens neck. The Interpreter features in-depth analysis & The Siliguri Corridor is in a highly disadvantageous position in geo-strategic and security terms due to its peculiar geographical features. Strategically, the Siliguri corridor is the Achilles heel in the defence of almost 2000 kilometres of borders with China and Myanmar. About 50 million people in north-east India would be separated from the country. Delhi’s strategic nightmare Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. 1971 was a tragedy only for West Pakistan, the East celebrated it as a victory, thoughtless at that time that the real victor was only India. Communist forces overran Saigon on 30 April 1975, marking the end of the Republic of Vietnam.On 2 July 1976, the Provisional The Kingdom of Sikkim formerly lay on the northern … It was formally included in India in 1938, when the McMahon Line was established as the border between India and Tibet. [5], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°35′N 88°15′E / 26.583°N 88.250°E / 26.583; 88.250, For the "Chicken's Neck" between northern India and Pakistan, see. Arunachal Pradesh was part of British India in 1913–14. It is in the Chumbi Valley, therefore, that the defence of the strategically critical corridor lies. “If China was to increase its influence over the region , it would allow Chinese forces to access the Siliguri Corridor, known as the “Chicken’s Neck”. The Tetulia Corridor, an alternative to the Siliguri Corridor, is proposed under Article VIII of the India–Bangladesh Trade Agreement 1980, which states that "The two governments agree to make mutually beneficial arrangements for the use of their waterways, railways and roadways for commerce between the two countries and for passage of goods between two places in one country through the territory of the other"[citation needed]. [1][2] This gave India a buffer to the north of the Siliguri Corridor and consolidated India's control over the western side of the Chinese Chumbi Valley. The ‘Siliguri Corridor’ has today become one of the most porous border regions in the world, and Pakistan’s ISI has used this to operate its agents freely. But India may have a bigger concern on its hands. Published daily by the National Highway 10 connects Siliguri to Guwahati in Assam, which is the most critical highway in the region, owing to insurgents operating in the vicinity. That is … The Chinese presence in Arunachal Pradesh certainly stirs the anxiety of India's defence establishment. That's a nice way to console yourself. Between Sikkim in India and Bhutan lies Chumbi valley, a small part of Tibet. 15 Jul 2020 11:30, In beef over barley, Chinese economic coercion cuts against the grain, Decolonise Diego Garcia: Why America should not fear Mauritius, India-Australia strategic convergence … with differences, Migration and border policy links: UK Supreme Court ruling, FIFA foul, India visa reform and more, Indian migrants in Australia find political voice. It has been depicted as part of Bhutan in the Bhutanese maps since 1961, but it is also claimed by China. I'm surprised you guys are not supporting india here? Ltd, New Delhi, 1982, p-126, Partha S. Ghosh, "Cooperation and Conflict in South Asia", UPL, Dhaka, 1989, p-43, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Central Organization for Railway Electrification, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siliguri_Corridor&oldid=1000701623, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from December 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 08:11. Both countries need to psychologically prepare for a “new” world of rising powers and those in relative decline. Compounding matters is their much-touted collusion, manifesting in China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Siliguri Corridor. The Siliguri corridor is a major strategic vulnerability for India, remaining the only land bridge spanning its eight north-eastern states and the rest of its country. Indian officials claim that China is continuing its build-up along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the de facto border between India and China in the Galwan Valley of eastern Ladakh region. With China continuing road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border, the threat to the Chicken’s Neck is a constant one, as the infrastructure could allow China to mobilise rapidly in the region. While it may sound bit revolutionary but like Ladakh, Siliguri Corridor needs to be reorganised into UT. So shut the F up. New Delhi is now facing China’s ire over its infrastructure projects along the LAC and struggling to resolve issues with Beijing. In addition to this, the road being constructed by China in the Doklam plateau will ensure that in a conflict it will block the Siliguri Corridor and cut off the North East. It borders four countries and has seen Gorkhaland and Kamatapur separatist movements. ... Pipavav Defence Systems, … It has complicated demography with just 20 odd km width and is the only terrestrial link to seven states of NE, Sikkim and Bhutan. All land transportation between mainland India and its far northeastern states uses this circuitous corridor, as there is no free-trade agreement between Bangladesh and India. Stay informed with the latest commentary and analysis on Keep doing that! Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The Doklam area is on the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan. This narrow passage makes defence a serious challenge. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. Strategically, it is the Achilles heel in the defence of almost 2,000 km of borders in the NE states with China and Myanmar. The Chumbi Valley is that part of Tibet that lies between Sikkim and Bhutan and is proximate to the Siliguri Corridor. Wedged between Bangladesh to the south and the west and China to the north, the Siliguri Corridor also links India to neighbouring Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. The Siliguri Corridor, with these road and village constructions, has become closer for China through occupied Tibet and now Bhutan. Lowy Institute, © Copyright 2021 Lowy Institute, Lachung, in India’s Sikkim state, near the border of Tibet (Getty Images). The North Bengal Frontier BSF is headquartered at Kadamtala, while one of the five Frontier Headquarters of the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is located in Siliguri. What is the width of siliguri corridor or chickens neck. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for April 1975 549 found (4859 total) alternate case: april 1975 South Vietnam (7,233 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article conventional invasion in 1975. In 2003, in exchange for recognition of China’s sovereignty over Tibet, China agreed to give up all claims to the state of Sikkim in India. What happened in the Galwan Valley and Ladakh on 15 June has received much attention, but what India needs to worry about is saving its Chicken’s Neck from China. With China continuing road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border, the threat to the Chicken’s Neck is a constant one, as the infrastructure could allow China to mobilise rapidly in the region. New satellite imagery supports the claim that not only is the People’s Liberation Army holding ground in Galwan Valley, but has also shored up its positions in the area. This would also lead to the cutting off of three primary military formations and their units, drastically reducing the supply of equipment and reinforcements to them. By an advance of just 130 kilometres, the Chinese military could cut off Bhutan, west Bengal and the north-eastern states of India. Published Marcus Franda, "Bangladesh, The First Decades", South Asian Publishers Pvt. The Siliguri Corridor is a gateway to Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh and north east India. ... (Punjab border) to the defence of the corridor. Lowy Institute. The Siliguri Corridor is an especially important and sensitive territory for India, formed by the creation of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1948. Even BNP now is playing to India's tunes. The Siliguri Corridor is heavily patrolled by the Indian Army, the Assam Rifles (the oldest paramilitary force of India), the Border Security Force (BSF) and the West Bengal Police. The Siliguri Corridor is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 km width, located in West Bengal, that connects India’s northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Bangladesh and Nepal lying on either side of the corridor. The partition of India occurred as a result of hostility between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League. The narrow Siliguri Corridor, which at one point is less than 27 kilometres (17 mi) wide, remained as the only bridge between the northeastern part of India and the rest of the country. With such a twist, China could change the entire status quo along the LAC and put India under even greater pressure. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. around the world. The Corridor is also called as the Chicken’s Neck. It is through the dagger-like formation of the Chumbi Valley that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army can launch an operation to block the Siliguri Corridor and thus delink the whole of the North-east from the rest of India in one massive swipe. The China-India border has actually three sections: the western sector between Ladakh and the Chinese-held Aksai Chin, the central sector and the eastern sector dividing Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh states from Tibet. Additionally, the old metre gauge line (recently converted to a 1.676 metres (5 ft 6.0 in) broad-gauge line) connects Siliguri Junction with Islampur in North Dinajpur District of West Bengal, via Bagdogra (the only airport of national interest in the corridor) and the bordering towns of Adhikari, Galgalia, Thakurganj, Naxalbari and Taiabpur with Nepal. From the very beginning, the relationship between these two new states was marked by hostilities and confrontations. For India, any Chinese move to encroach further south in the Doklam plateau region would place it perilously close to the narrow and potentially vulnerable Siliguri corridor, the narrow sliver of land which links India’s north-eastern states with the rest of the country. [3] Between Sikkim and Bhutan lies the Chumbi Valley, a dagger-like slice of Tibetan territory. 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